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CASE REPORTS
Osteoclastoma at the maxillofacial region
Santosh Kumar Swain, Biplob Bhattacharyya, Mahesh Chandra Sahu
January-June 2018, 2(1):12-14
DOI:10.4103/aiao.aiao_16_18  
Osteoclastoma or giant cell tumor is an uncommon neoplasm of the bone. Common sites for osteoclastomas are long bones. Osteoclastoma of the craniofacial bones is extremely rare clinical entity. Here, we are reporting a case of osteoclastoma originating from the left maxilla presenting with swelling at the left nasolabial area with nasal obstruction. He had undergone complete excision of the tumor under general anesthesia. During the postoperative period, the patient did well without any evidence of recurrence or metastasis for 1-year follow-up.
  2 1,953 190
An unusual cause of long-standing foreign body sensation in throat
Santosh Kumar Swain, Biplob Bhattacharyya, Mahesh Chandra Sahu
July-December 2019, 3(2):82-84
DOI:10.4103/aiao.aiao_23_18  
Foreign body (FB) sensation in the throat is often a common symptom encountered in clinical practice. FB sensation in throat has numerous causes. Long-standing FB in the soft tissue of the neck is sometimes asymptomatic and presents only with throat irritation or FB sensation, although it is an extremely rare incidence. The diagnosis of this clinical event is based on the clinical presentations and imaging. The treatment is done by securing the airway, removal of FB, and antibiotic coverage. Here, we report the case of a 16-year-old boy presenting with chicken bone embedded in the soft tissue of the posterior pharyngeal wall and retropharyngeal space for 2 months in the throat without any major symptoms except FB sensation. Imaging confirmed the diagnosis of chicken bone in the retropharyngeal space with mild abscess formation, which was removed by transoral approach.
  1 3,645 102
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Vertigo among elderly people: Our experiences at a tertiary care teaching hospital of Eastern India
Santosh Kumar Swain, Diptiman Baliarsingh, Mahesh Chandra Sahu
January-June 2018, 2(1):5-8
DOI:10.4103/aiao.aiao_11_18  
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the etiology, clinical profile, morbidity, diagnosis, and management of vertigo among elderly patients at a tertiary care teaching hospital of Eastern India. Materials and Methods: Seventy-two elderly patients were diagnosed as cases of peripheral vertigo above the age of 60 years enrolled in this study. The detailed etiology, clinical presentations, diagnostic methods, and treatment were assessed. Results: The most common peripheral vestibular disorders were benign peripheral paroxysmal positional vertigo (38.38%), idiopathic vestibulopathy (9.72%), migraine-related vertigo/migraine vestibulopathy (26.38%), Meniere's disease (5.55%), and acute vestibular neuritis (6.94%). Diabetes mellitus is a common systemic disorder associated with elderly vertigo patient. Mental disorders such as anxiety (18.05%), depression (15.27%), and phobia (12.5%) were seen in this study among elderly vertigo patients. Conclusion: This retrospective study revealed that 72 of elderly patients had been diagnosed with peripheral vertigo. The majority of vertigo patients are of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo with unilateral horizontal canal involvement among elderly patients in this study, followed by migrainous vestibulopathy, idiopathic vestibulopathy, and vestibular neuritis. Proper diagnosis and management help to make a better and quality life in elderly patients suffering with vertigo.
  1 2,090 218
Mucormycosis in head-and-neck region – Our experiences at a tertiary care teaching hospital of Eastern India
Santosh Kumar Swain, Ishwar Chandra Behera, Jatindra Nath Mohanty
July-December 2019, 3(2):58-62
DOI:10.4103/aiao.aiao_9_19  
Introduction: Mucormycosis is a rare clinical entity and often affects immunocompromised patients. It is caused by the fungus of the order Mucorales. Rhizopus species are the most common causative organism associated with mucormycosis. It is an emergency situation and has poor prognosis.Materials and Methods: A retrospective study included eight patients with head-and-neck mucormycosis diagnosed over a 3-year period from December 2016 to March 2019. Results: There are five male and three female patients, aged from 29 to 65 years. Out of eight patients, four were diabetic and the rest were with hematological disorders. There were five sinonasal mucormycosis and three nonsinonasal involvement. Diagnoses were confirmed by histopathological examination. Two cases were fatal due to cerebral involvement.Conclusion: Prompt diagnosis with tissue biopsy, local control of the disease by aggressive surgical debridement, and appropriate systemic antifungal treatment improve the prognosis and survival of the patients. Treatment of mucormycosis needs antifungal agents such as amphotericin B and wide surgical debridement. Early diagnosis and treatment is often needed for survival of the patients.
  1 3,893 276
Effectiveness of isolated septal surgeries in nasal septal deviations: A prospective study with reference to the nasal obstruction symptom evaluation scale
Saai Ram Thejas, Sindu Mohan
July-December 2019, 3(2):63-68
DOI:10.4103/aiao.aiao_14_19  
Introduction: Nasal septal deviation is a common diagnosis made by an otorhinolaryngologist, and septoplasty or submucous resection is among the most common daycare procedures practiced in the clinic. Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess clinically if at all, there is any change in the symptoms of a person post an isolated septal surgery without dealing with the external contour and cosmetic appeal. Materials and Methods: One hundred patients with complaints of nasal obstruction, trouble breathing through the nose, and headache were selected for the study. The initial preoperative assessment was done based on a symptomatic score (Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation Scale [NOSE]). The presence of a septal deviation (cartilaginous or bony) was confirmed with a computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses and a diagnostic nasal endoscopy. Surgery was then performed to correct the pathology based on the location of the deviation. The postoperative assessment was done after 12 weeks based on the NOSE Scale. The results were analyzed and documented. Observations and Results: It was found that the symptomatic picture was better post surgery. Conclusion: The conclusion obtained from the study was that septoplasty and submucous resection as isolated surgical procedures are still relevant in today's world for symptomatic betterment and a healthier lifestyle.
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